|Paul Gauguin, Vision after the Sermon (Jacob Wrestling with the Angel) 1888|
(National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh)
Brittany in Northern France was known at this time for its 'primitive' appeal as well as being a cheaper place to live. Gauguin moved to Pont Aven and alongside Emile Bernard, came up with the artistic style that was coined by the critic Edouard Dujardin 'Cloisonnisme' on the occasion of the Salon des Independants in March 1888. Cloisonnism was a new mode of painting where dark colors and lines outlined unbroken areas of flat colors, the idea was very similar to enameling where lead outlines separated areas of bright colors. They were influenced by sources inside as well as outside of France, namely Japanese prints and medieval stained glass windows
"The painter ought not to rest until he has given birth to the child of his imagination... begotten by the union of his mind with reality."